The "Harlem Hellfighters" helped combat racial stereotypes at home and abroad. When they returned home, the soldiers were welcomed as heroes. Unfortunately for America, this new period of racial tolerance didn't last. During the "Red Summer" of 1919, anti-black race riots erupted in twenty-six cities across America. Tragically, lynching increased from fifty-eight in 1918 to seventy-seven in 1919. At least ten of the victims were war veterans, and some were lynched while in uniform. The U.S. military remained segregated until 1948.
Interested in learning more about the "Harlem Hellfighters"? Make sure to watch William Miles's Men of Bronze. Filmed in 1977, the eye-opening documentary features interviews with four veterans of the 369th.