In 1938, Göring was in charge of administering the Nazi's Four Year Plan, a program of economic development and increased arms production in violation of the Versailles Treaty. At the same time, Hitler's goal of taking European territory without firing a shot was moving along briskly, including the annexation of part of Czechoslovakia under the terms of the Munich Agreement – the infamous treaty that British Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain said granted "peace for our time."
What it really did was place Czech heavy-industry under Nazi control. Göring later ordered the Skoda works transformed into weapons production plants – the Hermann Göring Werke complex that became one of the leading arms production plants for the Reich.
The plant made thousands of rifles and machine guns for German use throughout World War II. After World War II when Czechoslovakia was occupied by the Red Army, the Soviets captured the German weapons and the plants.
By 1947, Jewish political leaders knew independence could only be achieved through warfare. Surprisingly, Communist-controlled Czechoslovakia was open to a deal.
"The Czech government agreed because they had a huge surplus of German weapons, some of which had been produced in Czechoslovakia during the war, and because they got paid – in dollars," said Martin van Creveld, an Israeli military historian and theorist. "By the summer of 1948, the IDF had enough (weapons) to arm all its troops, so no more imports were needed."
Czechoslovakia sold the weapons to Israel with Joseph Stalin's blessing, no less, probably in the hope that the deal might persuade the new Israeli government to lean toward a close relationship with the U.S.S.R. That didn't happen, and eventually the Soviet Union adopted a staunchly pro-Arab foreign policy.
Eventually, Israel would eventually acquire weapons from other sources, including British Sten guns, French 65-millimeter howitzers and other leftovers from World War II.
But Nazi weapons stayed in Israel's arsenals. The Israelis dubbed the Karabiner 98 bolt-action rifle the P-18. Re-chambered in Israeli arsenals for the 7.62 x 51 millimeter NATO round, it saw active service during the 1956 Suez Crisis before designated a weapon for reservists by the IDF.
Many of those German rifles remained in use through the 1970s.