The National Defense Strategy document released in January 2018 emphasized dynamic force employment as a method to maintain the US Navy's combat capabilities while changing the duration and intensity of its deployments.
It was intended to be "strategically predictable, but operationally unpredictable."
According to Adm. James Foggo, head of US naval forces in Europe and Africa and the chief of NATO's Joint Force Command in Naples, Italy, it's already working — leaving Russia guessing about what the Navy is doing.
The USS Harry S. Truman transits the Atlantic Ocean, Dec. 12, 2018.
(US Navy photo by Mass Comm. Specialist 2nd Class Scott Swofford)
When asked for an example of the successful use of dynamic force employment on the latest episode of his podcast, "On the Horizon," Foggo pointed to the USS Harry S. Truman carrier strike group's recent maneuvers.
"They were originally not scheduled to be in the European theater for the entire deployment. We had other plans," Foggo said. "But because of dynamic force employment, they came here. They immediately proceeded to the eastern Mediterranean and conducted strike missions in support of Operation Inherent Resolve."
"Then they moved to the Adriatic, and this was interesting because it was a move coincident with Vice Adm. Franchetti's command of BaltOps 2018 in the Baltic Sea," he said, referring to Vice Adm. Lisa Franchetti, commander of the US 6th Fleet, which operates around Europe.
"So the Harry S. Truman, to my knowledge, is the first carrier to participate in a BaltOps operation with airpower from the Adriatic."
A US sailor takes a photo of Jebel Musa from the flight deck of the USS Harry S. Truman, Dec. 4, 2018.
(US Navy photo by Mass Comm. Specialist 3rd Class Joseph A.D. Phillips)
Baltic Operations, or BaltOps, is an annual US-led exercise that was one of more than 100 NATO exercises in 2018, held during the first half of June 2018. After that, Foggo said, the Truman strike group returned to US for about a month.
"I don't think anybody, let alone the Russians, expected that, and that kind of puts them back on their heels," he added.
"In fact, we were starting to see some articles in Russian media about the carrier heading back into the Mediterranean, but she didn't go there. She went up north. She went to the Arctic Circle."
The Truman left its homeport in Norfolk, Virginia, at the end of August 2018, and about six weeks later it became the first US aircraft carrier since the early 1990s to sail into the Arctic Circle.
"It was our intent at that time to put her into the Trident Juncture [live exercise], and she was a force multiplier," Foggo said, referring to NATO's largest military exercise since the Cold War.
"This is the first time that we've operated north of the Arctic Circle with a carrier that high up in latitude since the end of the Cold War," Foggo added. "I think that she proved through dynamic force employment that she can be strategically predictable but operationally unpredictable."
An F/A-18E Super Hornet launches from the USS Harry S. Truman, Oct. 19, 2018.
(US Navy photo by Mass Comm. Specialist 2nd Class Thomas Gooley)
The Truman strike group eschewed the traditional six-month deployment that carrier strike groups have normally undertaken, sailing instead on two three-month deployments.
Between April and July 2018, it operated around the 6th Fleet's area of operations, including strikes against ISIS in Syria, as mentioned by Foggo.
After five weeks in Norfolk, it headed back out, operating around the North Atlantic and the Arctic — forgoing the traditional Middle East deployment.
Adm. John Richardson, the chief of naval operations, said at the end of November 2018 that the first dynamic-force-employment deployment had gone "magnificently" and that the strike group had carried out more types of missions in more diverse environments that wouldn't have been possible with a normal Middle East deployment.
Adm. John Richardson, chief of naval operations, joins sailors for a Thanksgiving meal on the USS Harry S. Truman, Nov. 22, 2018.
(US Navy photo by Mass Comm. Specialist 1st Class Sarah Villegas)
"I would say that the Navy by nature is predisposed to being dynamic and moving around. It is very good to kind of get back into that game a little bit," Richardson told the press in the days before Thanksgiving 2018.
The stop in Norfolk July 2018 was a working visit for the Truman and the rest of its strike group.
The strike group departed the 6th Fleet area of operations on Dec. 11, 2018, and returned to Norfolk on Dec. 16, 2018, marking the transition from its deployment phase to its sustainment phase, when the group's personnel will focus on needed repairs and maintaining their skills.
In July 2018, "we came back in working uniform and we got to work," Rear Adm. Gene Black, the commander of the Truman strike group, said in late November 2018, according to USNI News. "This time we're going to have the whole homecoming with Santa Claus and the band and the radio station, and all the good stuff that comes with that."
This article originally appeared on Business Insider. Follow @BusinessInsider on Twitter.
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